Britain's Pre-history Period from 700,000 Years Ago to AD 43 The Roman Invasion.
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Britain's Pre-history Period from 700,000 Years Ago to AD 43 The Roman Invasion.

We take a look at Britain's Pre-history period from 700,000 years ago through the ice ages and up to AD 43 The Roman invasion.

700,000 years ago Britain was linked from its southern and eastern boarders to continental Europe by a large land mass this was used by early Britain’s a species of Homo that were bands of hunter-gatherers traveling to and from Europe across this wide land bridge, a large river flowing westwards and fed by tributaries that would later become the Thames and the Seine, evidence from bones and flint tools found near Happisburgh in Norfolk and Pakefield in Suffolk support this

But the earliest route west into Britain was along a now lost watercourse named the Bytham River a string of early sites located close to the route found by Archeologists provided the clues of this route, very little is known of this period but bit by bit Archeologists are forming a picture of the first signs of human life in Britain.

Wooly mammoth.

Around 500,000 years ago an archaic Homo species called Homo heidelbergensis settled in and around boxgrove in Sussex Acheulean flint tools (hand axes) have been found along with other evidence this early man hunted large mammals that roamed the area such as elephants, rhinoceroses and hippopotamuses we know one of the preferred methods of killing these huge beasts was to drive them over cliffs or into bogs thus making the job a lot easier.

Although for many years it was believed that meat was the total intake of food stuff but recent evidence has been shown that early man live on mainly vegetation as the capturing and killing of animals was rare and fraught with dangers meat was regarded as a treat when it was available.

The extreme cold leading up to the ice age is thought to have driven humans out of Britain altogether as the ice receded a period around 300,000 until 200,000 years ago saw a warming of the area and the return of man, sites at Barnfield Pit in Kent have produced evidence that the Clactonian flint tool industry was developing . This period saw also Levallois flint tools introduced, perhaps by humans arriving from Africa, however findings from Swanscombe and Botany Pit in Purfleet sustain Levallois expertise as being a European rather than African introduction.

And then, just a man was taken hold of this new technology making for a more efficient hunting period it started getting cold again, soon the cold drove man out of Britain once again not to be seen again for another 352,000–130,000 years, the melting of the second ice age cut Britain off from the continent for the first time from 180,000 to 60,000 there is no evidence of human occupation in Britain.

Neanderthal Man

From 60,000 to 40,000 years ago Britain became a lush grass land with giant deer and horses wooly mammoths, rhino and carnivores, at the end of this period was saw the arrival of Neanderthal man he came in two forms the subspecies of modern humans (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) and a separate human species (Homo neanderthalensis) by 30,000 BC the first signs of modern human (Homo sapiens) activity was to be found.

A final ice age covered Britain between around 70,000 and 10,000 years ago pushing man once again back across the land bridge that had resurfaced and into southern France and Iberia around 12,000 BC Britons returned again and left many time during this period until the river Thames and the Seine flowing into the channel finally forming the island of Britain

Recorded British history, the history of Britain is conventionally reckoned to begin in AD 43 with the Roman invasion of Britain

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Comments (7)
Ranked #80 in History

That time of history was really cool.. new designs of animals being tested.. giant mammals.. and early 'humans'.. thanks for sharing.

Ranked #44 in History

A very interesting and informative read, but then that's nothing out of the ordinary for you Johnny. Liked. Tweeted. Buzzed Up.

Ranked #1 in History

Brilliant work, Johnny. Your knowledge goes a long way back.

Ranked #5 in History

Don't get me wrong Michael its not from my own personal memory hahaha

Ranked #31 in History

Good article, but you missed the arrival of the Celtic tribes which occurred around 500 BCE. They completely wiped out the people who were already here, (known as the 'beaker people’). All that remains of them is some beaker-like pottery and some standing monuments, the most famous being Stonehenge.

Ranked #5 in History

Thanks for that Auron, watch out for another article on just that time The celtics were far to important to just be a part, they deserved a more prominent place. just on the last part now.

Thanks. I love history.