Rosa Parks
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Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus for a white person. In this time period, a colored person caught refusing to do what they were told could either be beat or pur in jail.

On February 4, 1913, Rosa McCaully was born in Tuskegee, Alabama and in the year of 1915, she moved to her grandmother’s house with her mother, Leona and her younger brother, Sylvester.

She chorus to do that helped the family out and they were to feed the chickens, milk the cows, and to weed a garden.  Rosa also earned extra money by picking cotton on a nearby farm that was owned by a white farmer.

While living with her grandmother she was taught to hold her head high and to act like she had dignity.  She was taught to respect others especially her mother and grandmother.

In this period of time the black student went to one local school while the white students went to a completely another school.  Schools were segregated at this time.

At the age of eleven, Rosa was sent to an African American school for girls in Montgomery.  In 1929, she had to quit the school and return home to help the family.  Both her mother and grandmother got sick and needed her help.

In 1931, she met a man named Raymond Parks and fall deeply in love with him.  They were married in December of 1932.   After her marriage, Rosa worked as a helper in a hospital to earn money for her family.  She also made plans to go back to school to get her high school diploma.

Rosa joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and she became their secretary in December of 1943.   Rosa would spend her days at her job at the Montgomery Fair Department Store sewing clothes that had got damaged.  At night, she would volunteer at the offices of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.

In the year of 1954, the court systems decide that school could not be segregated any more.  Temper flared as parents threatened to take their children out of school to be home schooled.

On December 1, 1955, a bus driver made the mistake of telling Rosa to give her seat up to a white person.  She said “No!” and the bus driver had her arrested.  Her court date was set for December 5, 1955.  At this time, black people who refused to do as they were told were either beat up or put in jail.

She was responsible for starting a “Bus Boycott Day” where she urged other black people not to ride the bus until they were giving fair treatment.   December 21, 1956, the Supreme Court made another decision in the favor of colored people by saying segregation on buses was unlawful.

After this Raymond and Rosa left Montgomery and went to live in Detroit, Michigan.  They made this move due to the fact that Rosa’s life was being threatened and Leona, Rosa’s mother went with them.  Rosa started to work in a clothing factory.

Two hundred fifty thousand people marched on Washington to support the civil rights for African American people in 1963. 

Rosa working for Congressman John Conyers for twenty three years and after that she opened The “Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development”. This institute was aimed at teaching African American about their history.  The institute was also teaching them to have dignity, pride, and self respect in themselves.

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Comments (1)
Ranked #1 in History

Amazing that an apparently small event had such profound consequences. Great discussion, thanks.